by Jim Salter, Associated Press
ST. LOUIS (AP)—A St. Louis suburb can enforce an ordinance aimed at preventing protests at soldiers’ funerals by a church that claims the deaths are God’s punishment for American immorality and tolerance of homosexuality and abortion.
The 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruling on Tuesday reverses a previous ruling by a three-judge panel of the court. The panel ruling last year prohibited the St. Louis County town of Manchester, Missouri., from enforcing the law it drafted in response to activities by members of Kansas.-based Westboro Baptist Church.
Members of the church frequently protest at funerals of soldiers with signs containing messages like “Thank God for dead soldiers” and “Thank God for 9/11,” claiming the deaths are God’s punishment for American immorality and tolerance of homosexuality and abortion.
A lawsuit claiming the Manchester ordinance violated free speech rights was filed by Shirley Phelps-Roper, a Westboro member and daughter of pastor Fred Phelps.
The Manchester ordinance allows for protest activities but with limitations. Among them: Protesters are not allowed within 300 feet (100 meters) of a funeral or burial service while it is occurring and for one hour before and one hour after.
Eighth Circuit Judge Diana Murphy wrote that the ordinance “serves a significant government interest, it is narrowly tailored, and it leaves open ample alternative channels for communication.”
Courts around the country have wrestled with city ordinances and state laws aimed at keeping Westboro members away from funerals. Some laws, like a statewide law in Missouri, have been overturned. Others have been upheld.
Tony Rothert, an American Civil Liberties Union attorney who represented Phelps-Roper, said a decision about whether to appeal will be made soon.
“We think it’s a slippery slope not justified by the First Amendment or Supreme Court precedent,” Rothert said. “Ultimately that’s probably an issue for the Supreme Court to decide.”
Manchester adopted its ordinance in 2007, though Gunn said Westboro members never have protested at a funeral or burial in that community.
Steve Drain, a member and spokesman for Westboro Baptist, said the church will continue to protest at military funerals in spite of the ruling.
“It won’t have any impact,” Drain said. “We’re not interested in breaking any laws, we’re interested in preaching the word of God to a doomed nation.”